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How Loud Is A .22 Rifle: An Complete Analysis For Beginners

The .22 Long Rifle (also known as .22 LR) is considered by many to be among the quietest cartridge in use nowadays.  Compared to other centerfire ammunition, the sound that a .22 LR round make once it’s fired seem to be manageable. As a result, a lot of novices assume that it’s fine to shoot any weapon that uses this rimfire caliber without wearing protective devices. In reality, the noise produced by .22 LR tends to exceed the limit of human hearing and could cause irreversible damages. That means if you often neglect hearing protection while shooting .22 LR-chambered weapons, you must change your habit at once.

“So how loud is a .22 rifle anyway?”, some people wonder. In the case you are also searching around for an answer to that question, you come to the right place. Down below, you would be shown the usual sound level of.22 LR firing and a couple of issues regarding the acoustics effects of the round. In addition to that, this article also analyzes the problem of hearing loss experienced by numerous shooters around the globe. Take a good look at the provided information in order to have an enjoyable and safe experience at the range.

The Ear Sound Protection Mechanism

Before we learn about how loud a .22 rifle could get, it’s a good idea to check out the self-preservation method of your ears. Generally speaking, human ears are capable of reducing their sensitivity to noise through the middle ear reflex in order to protect the vital hearing ability. The majority of natural sounds you encounter every day prove no trouble for this mechanism. Nonetheless, when it comes man-made sounds such as gunfire, there is a chance that the middle ear reflex would fail to initiate in time. The inevitable result is that the ears are left open to harmful noises for a fraction of second which is already enough to cause damage.

.22 Long Rifle: What Kind Of Noise Does It Bring Forth

  • The Noise Level Of .22 LR

Needless to say, most firearms in circulation are quite loud and the use of accessories could make them even louder. While .22 LR is a light-recoil, short effective range round, the sound it makes is much noisier than what you hear in your daily life. For most of the time, the firing of a .22 rifle produced noise around 140 decibels which is comparable to certain firecrackers. Depending on the place you shoot the rifle, the sound would rebound and cause the discharge to be even louder. Aside from you, fellow shooters and bystanders might be exposed to the noise as well.

  • Damages Due To .22 LR Firing

In case you don’t know, the hearing limit of ordinary human is capped at 140 decibels, anything that is louder could cause pain/hearing loss. As the firing of .22 Long Rifle tends to generate impulse noise, acoustic trauma would occur if some conditions are met. The extent of hearing impairment caused by acoustic trauma varies greatly from people to people. In conjunction with hearing loss, shooters may hear ringing sounds in their ears when there is no external sound around. This phenomenon is called Tinnitus and just like hearing loss, it could be permanent too.

It worth noting that the damage is not always consistent, the hearing loss could differ between the left and right ear of an average shooter. For example, it’s highly likely that the left ear of a right-handed shooter would suffer more hearing damage than his/her right one. The reason is simple: while the right ear is partially protected by the head shadow, the left is completely exposed. In most of the case, after an extended period of time, hearing loss would make it difficult for shooters to detect high pitched speech sounds. These people often fail to see that their own hearing ability is damaged and might even accuse other of mumbling.   

Protecting Your Ears From Firearms Discharges: Top 5 Tips And Tricks

  • 1/ Always Wear Hearing Protective Devices

No matter what kind of gun you have, remember to wear a proper protective device while visiting a shooting range. Overall, there are a wide variety of options for you to choose from basic earmuffs to advanced custom design plugs. Choose one that suits your needs and requirement, keep in mind that you must not take it off until the end of the shooting session.  

  • 2/ Take Your Surroundings Into Account

If possible, you should refrain from shooting in a group since the discharge noise would mingle and become terrifically loud. Moreover, don’t open fire in reverberant environments in order to minimize potential rebound noises. At sufficient intensity, the rebound noises could disorient the shooters and cause serious hearing damages so you need to pay special attention to your surroundings.   

  • 3/ Beware Of Using Hearing Enhancement

Numerous hunters want to enhance their hearing to detect games in the vicinity so they resort to using enhancement devices. That being said, the use of hearing enhancement would increase the chance that hearing damaged as the sounds got amplified. If you absolutely need to use sound enhancers while hunting with your .22 rifle, consider using products that block harmful noises.        

  • 4/ Refrain From Using Automatic Weapons

Nowadays, you could acquire modern fully-automatic .22 LR rifles which prove useful in multiple applications.   However, shooting at automatic mode tends to cause considerable damage to the hearing ability of shooters as times goes by. The hearing loss might not be noticeable at first but the damage would accumulate until the situation becomes too severe. As a result, you have to think about getting single-shot or semi-automatic rifles instead of fully automatic ones.     

  • 5/ Schedule Periodic Visit With Audiologists

In the case you are an avid shooter that shoots regularly, it’s recommended that you make appointments with audiologists every once in a while. That would allow you to detect hearing problems at the earliest opportunity, receive timely treatments and prevent any lasting damages.  You could also receive a lot of important advice at the audiology clinic as well.

How To Clean A Swiss Army Knife Properly And Efficiently

Possessing various built-in tools, Swiss Army knives prove to be highly useful in pretty much every type of situations. That being said, the knives are not exactly indestructible and lackluster maintenance would inevitably reduce their usefulness on the field. Knives that subjected to high-intensity uses must receive proper cares or operating difficulties and other performance troubles could develop. While you could always send you Swiss Army knife to professional knife maintenance services, the cost tends to be high. As a result, people have been searching around for an effective way to maintain their Swiss-built knives by themselves.

Don’t know how to clean a Swiss Army knife and worry that you might wreck your knife by mistake? Then you need to take a look at this article. Generally speaking, anyone could successfully service their Swiss knives as long as they have a firm grasp of the fundamentals. Down below, you would be introduced to the stuff you must have to keep your knife in reasonably good condition. Once you have the right materials on hand, the article shall show you what needs to be done through a step by step cleaning guide. Moreover, a couple of sharpening tips and trick are provided to help you preserve the sharpness of your Swiss knife.

Servicing Swiss Army Knives: What The Owners Need To Prepare

You don’t have to go for advanced tools and gears, it’s highly likely that you could get everything you need around the house. Overall, you should grab a couple of toothpicks and cotton swabs in order to take care of the accumulated dust. A portable air compressor would also come in handy if you happen to have one. In term of lubrication, you could use whatever you want from WD-40 to ordinary oils. Keep pieces of cloth by your side so you could rub the lubrication across the surface of the knife and give it a nice finish. In case some blades of the knife seem dulled, sharpening steels are all you need to restore the original sharpness.

Important Note: Considering the nature of Swiss Army knives, you should refrain from using aggressive materials like sandpapers and others. Swiss knives are quite rugged but their operating mechanism could be damaged by certain solutions. The last thing you ever want to do here is to accidentally break the mechanism and make the knife inoperable.

Swiss Army Knives Cleaning Process

  • Step 1: Get Rid Of Dirt

At first, you should open the knife and proceed to take a good look at every corner to detect debris. Once you detect dust build-ups, promptly remove them using the toothpicks and cotton swabs. Go through each tool of the knife until you are certain that most of the dirt have been dealt with. Use paper towels to reach the inside of the knife to take care of the leftover dust stuck between tools. As always, be careful since the blades of the knife could slice through the paper towels which would cause injuries.

  • Step 2: Apply Lubrication/Rust Remover  

By thoroughly lubricating the operating mechanisms of your Swiss Army knife, you would be able to use it much easier. You don’t need to force open/close the knife and that should extend the effective lifespan of the components. While applying lubrication, remember to open all the tools of the knife, put in the lubrication and then close it. Repeat the process a couple of time to ensure that the lubrications reach every nook and cranny of the knife. You could use the same technique with the rust removers. In any case, only use appropriate amounts of chemical solutions, you don’t want to the knife to get slippery.    

  • Step 3: Immerse The Swiss Army Knife In Suitable Cleaning Solvents

Detach every removable tool as well as electronic devices that you knife possesses and keep them in a secured place. Get a compact container and fill it with a sufficient amount of cleaning solvents before putting your knife in there. In most of the case, doing that should break up pretty much all remaining rust and debris in the knife.  Wait for around half an hour and get the knife out for one final inspection. If there is nothing out of ordinary, you could put your Swiss knife back together and that would be it.

Sharpening Blades Of Swiss Knives: Tips And Tricks For Novices

  • Keep The Knife Blades Away: Due to safety reason, you should hold the knife in a way that its blades are pointing away from you. Keep in mind that dulled blades could still cut and injuries that are caused by rusty metals could get serious.  
  • Start At The Blade Base: In the beginning, you need to sharpen the base of the blade first and then slowly move toward the tip. In order to achieve maximum effectiveness, keep the sharpen angle at 20 degrees and move your hand in semi-circle fashion.
  • Use Appropriate Amounts Of Pressure: There is no need for you to apply too much pressure while sharpening the blades of ordinary Swiss Army knives. Just take thing slow and steady, you don’t really have to rush the process. By sharpening at a stable rate, you could notice underlying issues and make timely adjustments.
  • Pay Attention To Both Sides: Instead of focusing all your effort into a single side, alternate between the blade sides. Sharpen in that manner let you quickly restore the sharpness and it increase the lifetime of the blade as well. As the knife blade get sharper after each scraping, stay concentrated or you might end up with a nasty cut.  

Think About The Sharpen Frequency: In most of the case, owners of Swiss Army knives could sharpen the blades as often as they want to. Overall, a heavily used Swiss Army knife should be sharpened at least once a week to keep up the performances. If you mostly use your Swiss built knife in camping trips, try to sharpen its blades before you head out.

How To Make Metal Shooting Targets: A First Timer’s Guide

When it comes to making some shooting targets, there are a wide variety of materials for you to choose from. Among the available options, metal proves to be hugely popular in a lot of areas from plinking to tactical training.  Compare to other types of targets, metal shooting targets deliver cleaner as well as more efficient practices at the range. In addition to that, such targets require little time and effort to make so you could set them up in a blink of an eye. That being said, there are a couple of issues that you must know before attempting to make metal shooting targets.

In the case you are new to metal shooting targets and really don’t know what to expect, you need to check out this article. Down below, you would be introduced to characteristics of targets that are made from metal along with their field performance. Furthermore, a step by step guide on how to make metal shooting targets is also present to help you manufacture safe and high-quality products. Take a look at the provided information and you should be able to improve your range experience with metal targets.

Metal Shooting Targets: What You Need To Keep In Mind

  • Advantages Of Metal Shooting Targets

The moment a bullet strikes the surfaces of your metal shooting target, you would hear a pretty loud “bang” sound. As a result, there is essentially no need for you to use a scope to determine whether you manage to hit the target or not. Moreover, since metal is much stronger than wood and paper, targets that are made from metal could last for a long time without requiring replacements. That means you don’t have to go down range and change targets too frequently. Just spray some thin paints onto the target at the end of each shooting session and that should be it.

  • Disadvantages Of Metal Shooting Targets

Generally speaking, the most notable danger associated with metal shooting targets is the bullet bounce off the targets and hit someone (also know as ricochet). In fact, a couple of ranges see so many ricochet incidents that they simply decide to put an end to the use metal type targets. Nonetheless, the risk of ricochet could be reduced substantially as long as people follow rules and regulations at all times. All thing considered, it’s much safer to shoot at metal than at unknown materials.  

Making Metal Targets By Yourself: Tip And Tricks For Novices

Important Note: While the process of making metal shooting target is not too complicated, consider getting commercials product if you don’t have enough equipment or suitable materials on hand. Shooting at poorly made metal target might lead to a disastrous result, think of your well being before doing anything.

  • What You Need To Get  

In order to make metal shooting targets, it goes without saying that you need to get some high-quality metal.

Considering the considerable shockwaves caused by bullet impacts, even regular steel is far from sufficient.

In most of the case, hardened steels work reasonably well as materials for shooting targets thanks to their structural strength. You should be able to acquire steels like that from the local steel yard and similar places without much difficulty. Don’t use random steel plates and sheets you find around your house as shooting targets unless you are certain that they are hardened steels.

About the tools and gears, it’s highly likely that you must take care of some rough edges so ensure that you have a sander. As you could decide the shape of the steel you order, you don’t have to prepare metal cutting tools. In term of gears, you about to process steel and that require suitable safety measures. At all times, wear a pair of glasses, gloves and facemask to shield yourself from flying particles and so on. Work in a well-lit space so you know what you are doing, you don’t want to accidentally damage the integrity of your targets. Once the preparations seem ideal, you could start making some metal targets for your uses.

The Process Of Making Metal Shooting Targets On Your Own

  • Step 1: Construct A Stable Stand

For most of the time, standard metal shooting targets would be mounted on stands and that mean the stands would largely influence the targets stability. You could put together a solid stand using ordinary materials like wood blocks and metal poles, there are no restrictions here beside that the target stand must be able to absorb bullet impacts without flipping. Reinforce the stand if you have to but refrain from making it too heavy in the case you intend to move the shooting targets frequently. Outfit the feet of the stand with wood pieces to prevent it from sinking in when used on soft grounds.

  • Step 2: Mount The Angled Target

There are numerous ways you could mount a target on its standard: bolts, rivets, screws,…   In any case, you should make sure not to expose the joining components to bullets path as the target may fall off from the stand.

Aside from that, it’s a good idea for you to keep the target slightly angled forward (at least 20 degrees) instead of mounting it vertically.  That setup considerably reduces the likelihood of ricochet and if a bullet does bounce off from the target, it would go straight to the ground.

  • Step 3: Send Rounds Down range  

With an up-and-ready metal shooting target by your side, the only thing left to do is to test it out on the field. Needless to say, don’t use hard-core ammunitions here since they could penetrate the metal target or simply ricochet. Lead core rounds are excellent choices because they disintegrated upon impact which also simplifies the task of identifying hit spots. But no matter what type of ammo you use, remember to pay attention to the shooting distance. For pistol calibers (9x19mm, .40 S&W, .45 ACP,…), 10 yards is enough but some powerful calibers (300 Winchester Magnum, .338 Lapua Magnum) often demand a distance of 200 yards.

How To Dig A Cave: Tips And Tricks For Beginners

From building a natural disaster shelter to making an underground storage chamber, there are a lot of reasons why people have to dig a cave. With the assistance of modern-day tools, digging a solid cave is not as tedious and time-consuming as before. All you have to do is to make a plan, gather equipment and materials then you are good to go. If everything goes smoothly, you would be able to construct a stable well-supported cave by yourself without much difficulty. That being said, the entire process is far from being a walk in the park.

Although advances in technology let people dig cave quicker and safer, you still have many problems to take account of. One minor mistake in the planning or the executing is more than enough to cause disastrous consequences so you have to be thorough and precise. Don’t know much about cave digging and its demand? Then you have to check out this article if you want to dig a cave. Below are a couple of issues that require your attention before and during the dig, you must check them out. A standard step by step digging guide is also provided you could avoid beginner mistakes.

Digging A Cave: What You Have To Keep In Mind


  • Put Together A Comprehensive Plan


A bit of improvising on the spot won’t hurt but it’s strongly advised that you have a well-thought plan before digging caves. Considering the nature of cave digging, you could have trouble optimizing material usages and so on if you don’t have a plan on hand. For most of the time, you should be able to draw a basic blueprint of the cave structure base on your personal needs and requirements. To be on the safe side, you could even ask for inputs from professionals in the field to further refine the design of the cave.


  • Select An Appropriate Dig Site


Generally speaking, prioritize embankments as well as sides of a hill since these places allow you to start digging you cave well below surface level. If you are simply unable to see any location like that in the immediate vicinity, a secluded area should suffice. You also have to take the purpose and dimension of the cave into consideration while searching for a suitable site. The blueprint that you made earlier would come in handy here as it narrows down the number of potential spots.


  • Acquire Necessary Papers In Advance     


Depending on the local rules and regulations, you may have to obtain several documents in order to legally start digging. If you just outright disregard the lawns and casually dig a cave, you could get into serious trouble with the authority which is often messy. In several cases, you would face a considerable fine and also have to fill the cave using your own money. Therefore, one of the first things you need to do when it comes to cave digging is to get a go-ahead from the officials.  


  • Prepare Digging Gears And Tools


It goes without saying that cave digging is a high-risk endeavor, grazes and cuts are fairly common but more dangerous situations could also occur. That is why it’s of utmost importance that you put on protective gears for the duration of the project. In most of the case, wear a pair of safety glasses, gloves and rugged boots. About the tools, there are numerous options available at your disposal from the ordinary shove to the hard-hitting jackhammer.  If you work around noisy equipment, it’s a rather good idea to use earplugs to preserve your hearing ability.


  • Set Up Proper Safety Measures


While we all want to keep the dig as safe and secure as possible, unforeseen incidents happen all the time. As a result, it’s essential to prepare for the worst scenario and think about ways to protect your well being in a cave in. The simplest safety measure is to tie a rope around the waist and let it trail from the cave entrance to where you are digging. In the event of an unexpected collapse, rescuers could pull you out or at least locate your position much easier. Never go down to the dig site without having your mobile phone in your pocket.

The Process Of Cave Digging


  • Step 1: Excavate The Soils And Take A Look At Them


Once everything seems good to go, the project could begin and the first thing to is to excavate the soil. Ensure that you could dispose of the excavated soils in an efficient manner as they may get in the way. While you are at it, check out the soils and see what type they belong to: rocky, sandy or clay. Rocky soils would offer substantial resistance so use heavy equipment if you run into them. On the other hand, sandy soils are often prone to cave in and clay soils are less likely to collapse. No matter what soil you encounter here, keep reinforcing the surrounding structure as you dig.


  • Step 2: Process The Exterior Surfaces Of The Newly Dug Cave


After you manage to take out a good amount of soils and secure the space you need, it’s time to think about the surfaces. In most of the case, you should level the cave exterior surfaces and add in additional support materials such as cemented bricks and concrete blocks. The materials could even be used in conjunction with a manufactured structure to in order speed up the processing progress. You should not use woods for a permanent shelter as they not as rugged as other materials on the market.


  • Step 3: Outfit The Cave With Basic Necessities And Ventilations Vents


In this final step, you need to make the cave habitable for human beings by proving it with basic necessities. If the cave is used for storage, you only have to run in some wires to mount a couple of light bulbs here and there. However, if the cave is used as an emergency natural disaster shelter, it must be equipped with water tanks, composting toilets, power generators and alike. In any case, make sure the cave possesses several vents to keep the air moving.  

How To Lap Scope Rings: The Ultimate Guide For Novices

If you want to consistently land shot after shot on distant targets, you need to pay special attention to the scope setup, especially the rings. Misaligning the rings would cause the scope to flex and deviate once expose to recoils which reduce your shooting accuracy. That being said, due to structure imperfection, the rings may remain slightly misaligned no matter how well you mount them. As a result, many shooters consider lapping the rings a great way to enhance the handling of their rifle scope. The process is not a walk in the park but the final result justifies the investment in time and effort.

Been thinking about lapping your ring but don’t know how to do it right? Then you must take a good look at this article. Down below, you would be provided with informative details regarding the idea behind lapping as well as its associated demands. After you get the hang of everything, you should be able to lap the rings of your scope without issues. Of course, if you don’t have much confidence in your skill, you could always send your scope rings to professional gunsmiths and they would take care of the rest. You have to pay some money for the service but it’s a safe option nonetheless, improper lapping may disfigure or outright destroy the rings.

What Is Lapping And Its Effects To The Scope Setup?

Generally speaking, lapping is the process of sanding the surface of the scope rings with the help of some abrasive compounds and appropriate lapping tools.  If performed correctly, lapping could enhance the overall performance of scope setups by forming a near perfect contact surface between the rings and the scope. The rings fitness would be optimized as a result and your experience with your rifle should receive substantial boosts too. In most of the case, you have to acquire a purpose design lapping kit because you could not lap the rings without using proper stuff.

Why You Should Lap The Rings Of Your Rifle Scope?

Even with the assistance of CNC and similar tools, manufacturers of scope rings could not completely eliminate flaws and defects. That means there could be high and low spots all over the rings but you would have a hard time detecting them by naked eyes. Uneven contact surface throws the scope a bit off center or simply make it unstable. Needless to say, such scope setups don’t allow shooters to achieve a high level of precision on the field. Squeezing misaligned components against each other never deliver good results. That is why it’s a good idea to lap the rings and make sure that everything performs as expected after you zeroed the scope.

How To Lap The Scope Rings All On Your Own?

  • Must-Have Materials And Gears

Nowadays, you should be to secure a quality lapping kit without much difficulty, there are a lot of options available.  However, it’s widely advised that you prioritize product that uses aluminum oxide instead of silicon carbide since the latter won’t come out easily. In any case, keep degreasers on hand in case you have to get rid of stubborn remains of lapping compounds. A lot of rags would be needed to spread the lapping compounds equally across the surface at first and wipe everything off at the end.

About the gears, put on facemask, gloves and glasses since you have to handle dangerous chemicals as well as particles. Considering the precise nature of the lapping, choose a well lit working area so you could closely observe the progress.  The last thing you want to experience is to go overboard with the lapping and turn the rings into paperweights because you can’t see. Once you have all the stuff you need on hand, you could start lapping the rings of your rifle scope.

  • Lapping The Rifle Scope Rings

Step 1: Prepare And Secure The Rifle

Before you do anything, check out the rifle and ensure that it’s unloaded, you don’t want to lap the ring if there is a round in the chamber. Next, mount the rifle on a rest or a vise then secure it as you have to apply pressures later. While you are at it, you should look over the alignment of the scope rings in order to see if they are good or not. In the case the scope rings are not even aligned with each other yet, lapping would only produce negligible results. Therefore, if the scope rings happen to be misaligned, promptly use whatever method available at the moment to realign them

Step 2: Proceed To Lap The Rings

In the case no ring alignment issues are detected, you may start lapping the rings by removing the top halves. At this point, you have to pour a moderate amount of lapping compound on the bottom section of the rings. After that, use the rod or bar that come with the kit and gently sand back and forth across the surfaces covered in lapping compounds. Apply firm pressure but don’t get too aggressive with the lapping, you have to accurately control the removed material. Take your time and continue lapping until around 75% of the contact surfaces seems polished which often indicate a good fit.

Step 3: Clean The Scope Ring Thoroughly

After you finish lapping, the only thing left to do is to clean up the rings to remove leftover compounds and that should be it. Put the degreaser to use if you have trouble dealing with the compound, rinse it with a piece of rag and rub through the surface. Given the fact that you already removed the top finish of the ring surface, consider adding a thin film of metal protectant as a precaution. The protectant would protect the underlayer material from corrosion and so on which extend the lifetime of the scope rings. You could apply it in the same manner as with the degreaser and if you hate slimy remains, Gunzilla is an excellent all-purpose choice.

Glock Blue Label Vs Red Label: Breakdowns For Firearms Enthusiasts

So you have been planning to buy a Glock for a long time and after conducting thorough researches, something odd comes to your attention: The original cases of several Glocks feature a blue label while others have a red one. From the outside, it seems that if the model is the same, Glocks that arrive in blue label cases have no noticeable deviations compared to those in red label cases.  But Glock must have valid reasons to give different gun cases different color labels, right? Glock Blue Label vs. Red Label, what is the difference?

You want to find out the meaning behind the color labels on Glock gun cases? If that happens to be the case then you have come to the right place. Down below, you would be introduced to pretty much everything that firearms enthusiasts nowadays should keep in mind about Glock Blue Label vs. Red Label.

Understanding Color Labels: Summarized Details


These kinds of days, the original Glock gun cases often feature one of three color labels: blue, red and white.

  • Blue: Only made available for public safety professionals that have proper credentials. That being said, private citizens could get Blue Label Glocks if they happen to be a member of GSSF (also known as Glock Sport Shooting Foundation).
  • Red: Standard capacity magazine, civilian wholesale price
  • White: Standard/restricted capacity magazine, civilian wholesale price

All in all, the color labels only indicate a couple of issues about the nature of the guns as well as characteristics of the magazines. The performance of the guns remains practically consistent regardless of the color labels on the cases.

Most Defining Characteristics Of The Blue Label Program Of Glock:


While everyone should be able to buy White and Red Label Glocks without much difficulty, only people that match certain criteria could buy Blue Glocks. Made to “support those who protect and serve communities across the U.S. and around the world’,’ Glock Blue Label program offers professionals in public safety roles discounted Glock products. In order to get Blue Label Glocks, you must be:

  • Current law enforcement officers
  • Retired law enforcement officers (with credentials)
  • Firefighters (career and volunteer), EMTs and paramedics (with credentials)
  • Active military personnel, reservists and members of the National Guard
  • Retired military personnel (with credentials)
  • Current corrections, parole and probation officers (with credentials)
  • State-licensed security companies and licensed armed security officers
  • Current court judges, district attorneys, and deputy district attorneys.
  • Cadets of Law Enforcement Academy (with enrollment documents)

Private citizens could also obtain Blue Label Glocks if they become a member of GSSF. However, while public safety professionals would be eligible to get two Glock products through the Blue Label program in a fiscal year, qualified members of GSSF could only purchase one in the same time period. Depending on the model of the gun, the pricing of Blue Label Glocks should be between $75 and $100 below retail prices. In addition, all Blue Label Glocks come along there magazines.

Frequently Asked Question About Glock Blue Label Vs. Red Label


  • Could I buy a Blue Label Glock without having to be a public safety individual? 

As mentioned above, only people that match criteria set out by Glock have the right to purchase Blue Label guns. Therefore, unless you join the GSSF, you have to settle for White/Red Label Glocks. That being said, it’s worth noting that used guns don’t fall under such a restriction which means ordinary people should be able to buy used Blue Label Glocks. So in the case you happen to know public safety professionals with Blue Label Glocks to sell, feel free to purchase the guns from them.

  • Is it possible to get more Blue Label guns from Glock than the annual limit? 

Bases on regulation, in a single fiscal year, Glock only allow public safety professionals to get two Blue Label Glocks and GSSFs could get one. Hence, if you have the privilege to buy Blue Label Glocks but you already reach the annual limit then you must buy at commercial prices if you want more guns. For your information, Firearms enthusiasts would be able to buy as many commercial models from Glock as they see fit.

  • So every model from Glock is going to be available in the Blue Label program? 

Well, yes, in most cases. In certain places, a few Glock models exclusively come as guns for commercial consumers including Glock 24, Glock 17, Anniversary Commemorative Edition of Glock 17 and so on.

  • How long do people have to wait to get their Blue Label Glocks on average? 

The time it takes to get Blue Label Glocks varies greatly from case to case. For example, if you have all the proper credentials and there is an authorized Glock dealer in your neighborhood, you could get your Blue Label Glocks in just a day. On the other hand, if you send in your credential as well as payment details to dealers far away, it often takes a couple of weeks to process the order. If you want to buy guns directly from Glock then the waiting time might be as long as six months.

  • Is it true that that Blue Label Glocks come with a magazine more than Red Label Glocks in most cases? 

Before the introduction of Gen4 models, Red Label Glocks come with 2 magazines while Blue Label Glocks have 3 magazines on arrival. Nowadays, regardless of color labels on them, every Gen4 Glocks should be accompanied by 3 magazines. One exception to the rule is the Glock Subcompact as it only provides 2 magazines across all calibers to the users. Of course, if you buy used Glocks, the number of magazines is going to deviate.

Locating Authorized Dealers Of Blue Label Glocks Near Your Place


So after getting a firms grasp on Glock Blue Label vs. Red Label, you decide to get yourself a Blue Label Glock? If that is so, all you have to do is to pay a visit to the website of Glock, enter your location and hit the Blue Label Dealers indicator. If there is an authorized dealer of Blue Label Glocks around your place, you should see it right away.

.44 Special Vs. .44 Magnum: Comprehensive Analyses Of Characteristics By Firearm Experts

While it’s eclipsed in terms of power by recent rounds, .44 Magnum remains capable of taking on a wide range of shooting tasks without difficulty. At close ranges, the Remington cartridge could take down everything from big games to aggressive house invaders without much difficulty. Still, the considerable recoil of .44 Magnum makes certain shooters go for a similar round that also packs a punch, .44 Special. So which round is going to come out on top in .44 Special vs. .44 Magnum then?

You like the rounds but want to gather more information to make a wise choice? In that case, you have come to the right place. Down below, you would be introduced to the characteristics of .44 Special and .44 Magnum including, specifications, performance, availability and so on.

Specifications Of The Rounds: Breakdowns

.44 Special (Smith & Wesson)


  • Parent Case: .44 Russian
  • Bullet Diameter: .429 Inches (10.9 Millimeters)
  • Neck Diameter: .457 Inches (11.6 Millimeters)
  • Base Diameter: .457 Inches (11.6 Millimeters)
  • Length: 1.615 Inches (41.0 Millimeters)

.44 Magnum (Remington)


  • Parent Case: .44 Special
  • Bullet Diameter: .429 Inches (10.9 Millimeters)
  • Neck Diameter: .457 Inches (11.6 Millimeters)
  • Base Diameter: .457 Inches (11.6 Millimeters)
  • Length: 1.61 Inches (41.0 Millimeters)

As .44 Magnum is based on .44 Special loaded to high pressures, the rounds have similar dimensions. Actually, you should be able to fire .44 Special using guns chambered in .44 Magnum which speaks volume about the similarities in the profile of the rounds. That being said, you must keep in mind that autos chambered for .44 Magnum would be unable to feed .44 Special reliably. As a result, stick to revolvers if you want to shoot both .44 Special and .44 Magnum.

Detailed Comparisons Of The Rounds

.44 Special


  • Manageable Recoil In Most Applications  

Overall, .44 Magnum hits hard but it also kicks hard which means you must have a strong grip to put the Remington cartridge to good use. On the other, the recoil of .44 Special is comparable to .45 ACP so everyone could shoot it comfortably in most cases. Obviously, the felt recoil tends to be influenced by several factors like the weight of the shooting platform, the load of the rounds, grip ergonomics,… But by all accounts, if you want something that possesses manageable recoil then the Smith & Wesson round is for you.

  • Plenty Of Affordable Ammo Choices 

These kinds of days, ammunition manufacturers offer shooters lots of options regarding .44 Special and they all come at reasonable prices. To save money on the range, many owners of .44 Mag revolvers often practice using .44 Special and only load Magnum rounds if stopping power is required. In conclusion, if you happen to be a budget-minded shooter then .44 Special would fit your wallet nicely without fail.

  • Decent Numbers Of .44 SPL Revolvers 

Since the introduction of .44 Magnum, few gun makers on the market have been willing to produce firearms chambered in .44 Special. Fortunately, Ruger, Colt, … recently decided to release a couple of guns for fans of the Smith & Wesson cartridge due to the growing popularity of Cowboy Action Shooting and similar events. You would be able to purchase full-sized as well as compact 44 SPL models depending on your needs and requirements. Prominent choices for shooters nowadays include Charter Arms Bulldog, Ruger GP100 and Colt New Frontier.


  • Availability Is Less Than Ideal 

While people indeed have many choices if it comes to .44 Special, certain shooters might find it tough to stock up on the Smith & Wesson round. Hence, it’s strongly recommended that you check if you could secure a steady supply of ammunition before choosing .44 SPL.

  • Fouling (Especially In .44 Mag Revolvers) 

Firearm enthusiasts that often shoot .44 Special in revolvers chambered in .44 Magnum notice increases in fouling.  That is understandable: .44 SPL is shorter than .44 Mag so fouling build up faster than usual. That is why it’s essential that you clean the chambers of your gun after every visit to the range.

.44 Magnum



  • Top-Of-The-Line Performance 

Regardless of what targets you shoot at, .44 Magnum would get the job done without trouble. Sure, the Remington round may fall behind .454 Casull, .500 S&W Magnum and so on regarding stopping power but it could still tackle virtually every imaginable target these kinds of days. A combination of high velocity and flat trajectory allow .44 Magnum to reach out to 100 yards which is impressive for a round initially designed for revolvers. Of course, shooting skills, weather conditions and so on would affect the shooting range somewhat.

  • Ammunition Availability Is Top-Notch 

Thanks to movies like “Dirty Harry”, The Remington cartridge is always in high demand so many ammunition manufacturers crank out a lot of .44 Mag annually. Despite the fact boxes of .44 Magnum come at fairly high prices, shooters should be able to get them at most gun stores across the country.

  • Handloading Is Generally A Breeze 

As standard factory-loaded round tends to kick rather hard, multiple shooters resort to handloading to create something more manageable. As .44 Mag uses a straight-wall, non-bottleneck case, making handloaded ammunition is a walk in the park if you have suitable tools and materials.


  • Unforgiving Kickback 

Experienced shooters as well as firearm experts universally agree that for people that don’t handle recoil well, .44 Magnum is a poor choice of caliber. If you don’t have a steady grip, the kickback of the Remington round would cause the gun to chew the web of your hand.

  • Create Significant Muzzle Flash Once Fired 

.44 Mag is capable of creating considerable muzzle flash that is clearly visible even in daylight. As a result, if you shoot guns chambered in .44 Magnum in low light conditions then you might temporarily blind yourself. All in all, .44 Special is usually the winner in .44 Special vs. .44 Magnum regarding night firing.

Verdict: You Call The Shot


While talking about .44 Special vs. .44 Magnum, it’s pretty hard to say which round is superior as different shooters nowadays tend to have different tastes. Because of that, it’s widely advised that you take your own situation into account.

If you want a solid round that packs a punch and comes at affordable prices then .44 Special is what you need. On the other hand, if you have confidence in your shooting ability and want to have stopping power, .44 Magnum would never let you down.

SIG 2022 Vs. Glock 19: Which One Is Better For Defensive Purposes?

These kinds of days, people often have plenty of choices in terms of defensive firearms. But for shooters that need quality weapons at reasonable costs, two guns stand out from the rest: SIG 2022 and Glock 19. As these pistols truly offer great values for the prices, various firearm enthusiasts around the globe consider them to be top choices for defensive shooting. Naturally, the subject of SIG 2022 vs. Glock 19 attracts considerable attention from shooters that want to get their money’s worth.

So you like both SIG 2022 and Glock 19 but only have the budget to get one? If that is so then this article is for you. Down below, you would find virtually everything that you must keep in mind about these guns from specifications to features. With the following information, you should be able to make a wise investment without fail.

Brief Overviews Of The Guns

To properly determine the winner in SIG 2022 vs. Glock 19, it’s of utmost importance to have a firm grasp on the specifications of the guns.

SIG 2022


  • Caliber: 9mm Luger / .40 S&W
  • Length: 7.4 Inches
  • Width: 1.4 Inches
  • Height: 5.7 Inches
  • Weight: 29 Ounces

Glock 19


  • Caliber: 9mm Luger
  • Length: 7.36 Inches
  • Width: 1.26 Inches
  • Height: 5.04 Inches
  • Weight: 30.16 Ounces

At first glance, you could see that the overall profile of Glock 19 is noticeably more compact than that of SIG 2022. That being said, the differences in dimensions would likely cause insignificant issues in most cases. If you have an easy time carrying SIG 2022 around then you should be able to carry Glock 19 comfortably as well. Another thing to remember about the guns is that while SIG 2022 come in 9mm Luger and .40 S&W, Glock 19 is only available in 9mm Luger. Technically, it’s possible to convert Glock 19 to .40 S&W, the process is pretty tedious.

Thorough Breakdowns Of The Features

SIG 2022



  • High-Profile Three-Dot Sights 

Packing a conventional three-dot arrangement for the sights, SIG 2022 allows the average shooters to pick up and engage targets without trouble at short notice. The sights should perform admirably with most medium-grain rounds at 10 yards but if you use high grain ammunition, you might hit a bit low. If you want to tweak the sights, it’s strongly recommended that you get a sight adjustment tool from SIG. All in all, the sights of SIG 2022 usually satisfy the needs and requirements of people.

  • Simple Easy To Access Controls  

SIG 2022 only features three controls that shooters must keep in mind: a magazine release, a slide release and a decocker. SIG put the controls on the left of the gun close to each other so you would be able to manipulate them using your thumb. While it lacks a manual safety, SIG 2022 could be rendered temporarily unfireable by dropping the decoker after you quit shooting. Hence, you don’t have to worry about accidental discharges while carrying the gun around.

  • Universal Picatinny Rail For Accessories 

Right in front of the trigger guard of SIG 2022 is a Picatinny rail that is going to accept common flashlights as well as laser sights. Therefore, the gun is capable of tackling targets in low light conditions which make it ideal for house invasion scenarios.


  • Somewhat Hard To Reload Magazine 

The magazine of SIG 2022 is a rugged double-stack design with a strong spring that ensures smooth feeding in use. Still, the strength of the spring also makes it slightly tough for you to reload the magazine using your fingers. After you get around 10 rounds into the magazine, the spring gets so tight that you have to use lots of effort to add other rounds. That is why it’s widely advised by experts that shooters consider investing in a speed loader to reload the magazine after purchasing the gun.

  • Less Than Ideal Aftermarket Selection 

The only source of customized parts for SIG 2022 these kinds of days is Sig Sauer. While you have certain choices if it comes to triggers, grips and so on, holsters seem hard to come by.

Glock 19



  • Top-Of The-Line Reliability

By all accounts, Glock 19 possesses one of the best records in terms of reliability nowadays. While owners of Glock 19 indeed experience malfunctions on occasions, such episodes rarely have anything to do with the gun itself. Some Glocks arrive with thick Cerakote coating inside the rails of the frame and the side which cause feeding failures but things improve over time.

  • Top-Notch Comfort And Control 

As it incorporates varied-size, replaceable backstraps, Glock 19 earns a lot of praises regarding fitness.  The angle of the grip matches well with the wrist of ordinary shooters which means sight alignment is a breeze for most of the time. In addition to that, being a soft shooter, Glock 19 present negligible controllability issues for people.

  • Plenty Of Customized Parts Available 

One major benefit that all users of Glock 19 appreciate is the excellent availability of design alternatives, aftermarket components and add-on prosthetics and so on. While the basic design of the gun is sufficient for most defensive purpose, certain customizations might enhance the performance of your Glock 19 by large margins. All things considered, if it comes to SIG 2022 vs. Glock 19, everyone tend to agree that the Glock gun comes out on top regarding customization.


  • The Plastic Sights Seem Mediocre 

Made from plastic, the original sights of Glock 19 perform adequately in use but various shooters swap them out for iron sights at the earliest opportunity.

  • Take Some Time To Master 

Glock 19 shoots well but you would need some time to get used to its trigger.

Verdict: Think About Your Tastes

In conclusion, it’s quite hard to say which one is superior in SIG 2022 vs. Glock 19 as they have unique pros and cons. As a result, you should take your personal needs and requirements into account before making a purchase.

If you happen to be a budget-minded shooter that wants a straightforward defensive handgun, SIG 2022 is what you need. While the performance of the SIG gun is unexceptional, it’s still able to adapt well to multiple shooting conditions. On the other hand, if you have enough money to afford quality then consider getting Glock 19. With plenty of aftermarket options, you could tweak your Glock gun as you see fit.

Vortex Venom Vs. Trijicon RMR: Which One Should You Get

Nowadays, people have a lot of choices in term of red dot sights for pistols but if it comes to all-around performance, two models stand out from the rest: Vortex Venom and Trijicon RMR.  Being rugged, compact and light these models earn numerous praises from shooters as well as firearms experts around the globe. Considering the popularity of the sights, it’s only natural that the subject of Vortex Venom vs. Trijicon RMR attracts considerable attention from gun lovers that want to get a solid sight for their handguns.

So you like both Vortex Venom and Trijicon RMR but you could only get one? If that is the case, this article is for you. Down below, you would be provided with everything that you must keep in mind about the Venom and the RMR. Once you know what to expect of the sights then it’s a breeze to determine which one to get.

Basic Characteristics Of The Sights

Before we go deep into Vortex Venom vs. Trijicon RMR, it’s a good idea to go over the traits of these red dot sights. Overall, the more you know about the Venom and the RMR, the higher your chance of grabbing the right sight.

Vortex Venom


  • Length: 1.9 Inches
  • Weight: 1.05 Ounces
  • Magnification: 1x
  • Eye Relief: Unlimited
  • Battery: CR1632

Trijicon RMR


  • Length: 1.7 Inches
  • Weight: 1.2 Ounces
  • Magnification: 1x
  • Eye Relief: Unlimited
  • Battery: CR2032

Comprehensive Comparison Of The Sights

Vortex Venom



  • Well Designed Glasses And Coatings 

Using top class glasses as well as anti-reflective coatings across glass surfaces, Vortex makes sure that the Venom delivers crisp, parallax-free sight picture. Because of that, the sight performs admirably in virtually every lighting condition, indoor and outdoor. In addition, the presence of the renowned ArmorTek coating means that the sight is able to resist scratch quite well. Last but not least, a combination of minimal protective housing and wide viewing window mean your field of view through the glass is practically unobstructed.

  • A Lot Of Brightness Settings

Vortex Venom offer users up to 10 choices of brightness which make it ideal for a wide range of shooting purposes: defensive, competitive, recreational and more. Bedside selecting the brightness setting manually, you could also leave the sight on automatic mode. Once the automatic mode is engaged, the Venom would adjust the brightness of the dot base on the ambient light it detects in the surrounding. As a result, the dot is going to remain crisp as the light condition changes.

  • Top-Notch Battery Life 

The battery life of Vortex Venom is dictated by the brightness setting in most cases. If you set the brightness at the highest setting then the battery is going to die after 150 hours (around 6 days). On the other hand, if you opt to keep the brightness at the lowest setting then the battery could last up to 30,000 hours (approximately 3.5 years). All in all, the battery life of the Venom is superior to the average sights for pistols on the market. To optimize battery life, the sight also incorporates an auto-shutdown function to save power.


  •  The Battery Cover Is Unforgiving 

Users of Vortex Venom complain that it’s a nightmare to change the sight’s battery as the battery cover is extremely difficult to handle. In many cases, people have to remove the gasket that is designed to hold the battery in place just to screw in the battery cover.

  • Some User Receive Used Sights 

Several shooters notice considerable wears on their Venoms on arrive which indicate that these sights have already seen extensive use. While some have no trouble using used sights as long as they work, others prefer to have brand new products.

Trijicon RMR


  • Thick, Premium-Grade Protective Housing 

To ensure that the RMR could hold itself together after being subjected to hefty recoils day after day, Trijicon gives it a rugged protective housing. As the housing could direct impact force away from the lens, the lifespan of the sight tends to increase substantially.

  • Support Manual/Automatic Brightness Selection 

Trijicon RMR offers customers 8 brightness settings which seem slightly less than that of Vortex Venom but in exchange, the Trijicon sight possesses 2 night vision settings. That means if you wish to get a red dot sight that is NVD-compatible, Trijicon RMR definitely prove to be superior to Vortex Venom. After 16.5 hours of constant operation, the RMR is going to switch to automatic brightness mode. Once that mode is one, it also engages the button lockout to prevent the setting from being changed by mistake.

  • Top Of The Line Battery  

At 50% brightness, Trijicon RMR could last up to 4 years which essentially make it the best red dot sight for pistols in terms of lifespan nowadays. Shooters would have a rather hard time finding another sight that could outlast the RMR.


  • The Acquisition Cost Is High 

Trijicon RMR s built for people that want the best performance regardless of the cost so it’s only natural that the sight is expensive. In fact, the price of RMR is comparable to that of a good handgun these kinds of days so it’s obviously a considerable investment. If you have a fairly limited shopping budget then you should skip over Trijicon RMR.

  • Somewhat Obstructed Field Of View 

While the protective housing of Trijicon RMR indeed excels at its task, it also happens to be a bit bulky. Because of that, the sight tends to present certain obstructions to your field of view for most of the time.

Verdict: It’s Up To You To Decide


All things considered, it’s quite tough to say which sight is superior while talking about Vortex Venom vs. Trijicon RMR. These particular red dot sights all have something that individual shooters appreciate so in the end, it’s up to you to make the call.

If you want a straightforward, no-nonsense sight that comes at an affordable price, Vortex Venom is what you need. On the other hand, if performance is your topmost concern and have money to spend then consider getting Trijicon RMR.

.17 HMR Vs. .22 LR: Which One Is The Better Rimfire Round

Nowadays, while talking about modern rimfire rounds, people tend to think of .17 HMR (Hornady Magnum Rimfire) and .22 LR (Long Rifle) as the most common choices. While rimfire cartridges as a whole have several drawbacks (small calibers, non-reloadable, less than ideal reliability, …), .17 HMR and .22 LR still manage to perform admirably in certain applications like plinking, varmint hunting and so on. Considering the popularity of the rounds, it’s only natural that shooters often have conflicting opinions regarding .17 HMR vs. .22 LR.

Want to know which rimfire round suit you the most? If that happens to be the case then you have come to the right place. This article could tell you practically everything that firearm enthusiasts must remember about .17 HMR and .22 LR from specification to characteristics. Check out the following information to make the right call.

Specifications Of The Rounds: Overviews

To determine which one is superior in .17 HMR vs. .22 LR, it’s essential to assess the construction of the rounds.

.17 HMR (Hornady Magnum Rimfire)


  • Parent Case: .22 WMR (Winchester Magnum Rimfire)
  • Bullet Diameter: .172 Inches (4.4 Millimeters)
  • Neck Diameter: .190 Inches (4.8 Millimeters)
  • Base Diameter: .238 Inches (6.0 Millimeters)
  • Case Length: .1058 Inches (26.4 Millimeters

Developed by Hornady with assistance from Ruger and Marlin, .17 HMR is introduced to the market back in 2002. The development of the Hornady round is inspired by cartridges made by wildcatters who want to create a round with similar performance to the obsolete 5 mm RMR (Remington Rimfire Magnum). Instead of the Remington round, Hornady decided to pick .22 WMR which is both widely available and strong, as the parent case for the new round. As a result, .17 HMR exceed 5 mm RMR in terms of velocity and trajectory.

.22 LR (Long Rifle)

  • Parent Case: .22 Long
  • Bullet Diameter: From .223 Inches (5.7 Millimeters) To .2255 Inches (5.73 Millimeters)
  • Neck Diameter: .226 Inches (5.7 Millimeters)
  • Base Diameter: .226 Inches (5.7 Millimeters)
  • Case Length: .613 Inches (15.6 Millimeters)

Made by Union Metallic Cartridge Company, .22 LR takes its origin from .22 BB Cap and .22 Short. Featuring high velocity as well as superior performance for hunting, the Long Rifle promptly rendered .22 Long and .22 Extra Long obsolete. Decades after its initial introduction, .22 LR still remain pretty popular among shooters because of the minimal recoil and low noise. While it’s definitely ill-suited for large game hunting, the Long Rifle could take down varmints without much difficulty.

Characteristics Of The Rounds: Analyses


  • Range

Boasting high muzzle velocity as well as flat trajectory .17 HMR proves to be superior to .22 LR in terms of ranges. In most of the cases, .22 LR tends to be reasonably accurate within 100 yards but over that, it starts falling apart. On the other hand, .17 HMR is able to nail targets 150 yards away without much difficulty. Of course, the range indeed varies slightly between rounds but all in all, the Hornady round would come out on top in .17 HMR vs. .22 LR.

  • Power 

By all accounts, .17 HMR is extremely destructive at close ranges: it’s going to obliterate every small game under 75 yards. Hence, it’s necessary that you go for headshot while hunting with the Hornady round if you intend to put something on the table later. Obviously, if all you want to do is to kill nasty rats then feel free to go for body shot. Regarding .22 LR, it kills well at 50 yards but shot placement remains essential, especially if your preys happen to be coyotes, prairie dogs and so on.

  • Cost

As it’s a venerable round with various variants available for purchase these kinds of days, .22 LR is an excellent choice for budget-minded shooters. For most of the time, with the money you spend for just a single box of .17 HMR, you could get a few boxes of .22 LR. Therefore, if you intend to go through a lot of rimfire rounds at once then it’s wise for you to choose 22 LR over .17 HMR. Still, keep in mind that regardless of the rounds, premium-grade cartridges always come at higher prices than usual ammunition.

  • Availability

Besides assessing the performance of the rounds, it’s necessary to check if you could secure a steady supply of ammunition. Technically, it’s possible to handload.17 HMR and .22 LR but the process is a bit tedious so most shooters opt to buy ammo from stores. As people tend to buy up all the .22 LR boxes the moment they find some, it’s fairly hard to get your hands on it. On the other hand, despite the fact that the Hornady round cost more money on average, it’s usually overlooked so you could get some boxes of .17 HMR without trouble.

  • Applications 

Generally speaking, both .17 HMR and .22 LR receive a lot of attention from firearm manufacturers so shooters could find various weapon chambered in these rimfire rounds. For .17 HMR, people often go after A17 (Savage Arms), T-Bolt Sporter (Browning), Model 1885 (Winchester),… In the case you happen to like .22 LR then consider picking up Model 60 (Marlin), M&P 15-22 (Smith & Wesson), SA 22 (Browning),… Take your preference into account to make a wise investment.

Conclusion: It’s Your Call


All in all, it’s hard to decide the winner in .17 HMR vs. .22 LR as different shooters have different tastes. Because of that, you must think about your needs and requirements to make the call.

If you have a limited shopping budget and only want to shoot at small games and varmints, 22 LR is for you. The low price of the Long Rifle would allow you to go through boxes after boxes of ammunition without breaking the bank. On the other hand, if your priorities consist of range and power, 17 HMR is your best bet.  With the Hornady round, you should be able to take care of most animals in the outdoors at considerable distances.